Navigating the landscape: Understanding the Czech energy market

The Czech Republic boasts a diverse energy market that plays a crucial role in powering industry. From traditional sources to cutting-edge renewables, the country’s energy sector is undergoing significant transformations, driven by technological advancements, regulatory reforms, and sustainability imperatives.

At the core of the Czech energy market lies a diverse mix of energy sources. Historically reliant on coal (40%) and nuclear power (30%), the country has been gradually diversifying its energy portfolio in recent years. Today, coal remains a significant contributor to the energy grid, accounting for a substantial portion of electricity generation however the Czech Republic has committed to phase out coal power by 2033. Increasing attention is being directed towards renewable energy sources (targeting 22% by 2030), including wind, solar, biomass, and other sources like nuclear (up to 4 new builds in existing facilities), waste to energy, natural gas. This shift reflects a broader global trend towards decarbonization and sustainability, with the Czech Republic committed to reducing its carbon footprint and embracing cleaner forms of energy production.


In line with its commitment to sustainable development, the Czech Republic has implemented various initiatives to promote renewable energy adoption. Subsidies, feed-in tariffs, and investment incentives have incentivized the deployment of renewable energy projects across the country.

The Czech energy market operates within a robust regulatory framework aimed at ensuring stability, competition, and sustainability. The Energy Regulatory Office (ERO) oversees the sector, enforcing regulations, granting licenses, and promoting fair market practices. Key legislation, such as the Energy Act and Renewable Energy Sources Act, provides a legal framework for energy production, distribution, and consumption. Furthermore, the country’s integration into the European Union’s energy market facilitates cross-border trade and cooperation, enhancing energy security and efficiency.

Several prominent players shape the landscape of the Czech energy market. Large utility companies like ČEZ, EPH, Sev.en Energy, Sokolovská uhelná dominate the traditional energy sector, operating coal-fired power plants and nuclear facilities (Dukovany, Temelín). However, a growing number of independent energy producers, renewable energy developers, and technology startups are disrupting the market, introducing innovative solutions and business models. Despite progress, the Czech energy market faces numerous challenges. Aging infrastructure, dependence on fossil fuels, and geopolitical uncertainties pose risks to energy security and affordability. Furthermore, balancing the integration of intermittent renewables into the grid presents technical and operational challenges. Looking ahead, the Czech energy market is poised for further evolution and transformation. Continued investments in renewables, coupled with advancements in energy storage and grid modernization (up to €30 billion), will drive the transition towards a cleaner, more sustainable energy future. 

Martin Dittrich
Business Development Director Czech Republic
Bilfinger Tebodin