The Czech Republic

Political system - Parliamentary republic

Miloš Zeman

President

Petr Fiala

Prime Minister

Government

18 members

Chamber of Deputies

200 members

Senate

81 members

Economy

Prague

Capital

Czech

Language

Czech koruna (CZK)

Currency, 1EUR = 24.3CZK (2/2/2022)

10.7 mil

Population

78,866 km²

Area

3.6 %

GDP growth (4Q/2021)

6,6 %

Inflation (12/2021)

3.5 %

Unemployment rate (12/2021)

Recent history

  • 1989

    1989

    Velvet Revolution

    In November and december 1989 the people of Czechoslovakia held a series of non-violent demonstrations against the communist government, which resulted in the regime´s collapse. The leading figure of the events, Václav Havel, was later named the first president of the free, post-communist Czechoslovakia.

  • 1993

    1993

    Velvet Divorce

    The federated Czechoslovakia was divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993 through a bilateral political decision. Due to the peaceful course of the breakup, the event was called Velvet Divorce.

  • 1999

    1999

    Accession to NATO

    The Czech Republic became a member of NATO in 1999.

  • 2004

    2004

    Accession to the EU

    The Czech Republic became a member of the European Union in 2004.